Sodium Cromoglicate

Sodium Cromoglicate

Sodium Cromoglicate is used for symptomatic management of hay fever. This is used alone or in combination with steroid nasal sprays. This is supplied as eye drops that can be purchased from any retail outlet. Sodium Cromoglicate eye drops can be used by adults and children from 6 years of age.

The main indications for the use of Sodium Cromoglicate or eye drops that contain Sodium Cromoglicate are the relief and treatment of seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis. Sodium Cromoglicate help with:

  • Soothing of the itchy eyes
  • Relieving of redness, itching, and watering of eyes because of hay fever
  • Prevention of symptoms associated with common allergens such as dust mites or pollen

Existing evidence from different clinical trials confirms that Sodium Cromoglicate is effective in the management of allergic conjunctivitis.

Several eye drop brands are containing Sodium Cromoglicate. Common brands include:

  • Optrex Allergy 2% Eye Drops
  • Optrex Hayfever Relief 2% Eye Drops
  • Opticrom Allergy 2%
  • Opticrom Hayfever 2%
  • Opticrom Allergy single-dose eye drops. Sodium Cromoglicate is supplied in single-dose containers. This is a single-dose eye drop that is sterile and preservative-free.

How does Sodium Cromoglicate work?

Sodium Cromoglicate decreases the release of histamine from the mast cell to stop allergic reactions because of allergens such as pollen. Wherein, it gives it a descriptive name of mast cell stabilizer. 

Histamine is generally stored in mast cells. Throughout allergic reactions, histamine levels increase which causes the main symptoms of hay fever, such as sneezing and itchiness. It is the histamine that contributes to symptoms of ocular allergic symptoms like watering or redness of the eyes.

The uses of Sodium Cromoglicate

  • For children and children over 6 years of age, you may instill 1-2 drops into each eye, 4 times a day. Follow the instructions given by your doctor.
  • Patients who use soft contact lenses must avoid contact with eye drops. Contact lenses must be removed before application and put back at least 15 minutes after the application.
  • In first trimester pregnancy, this must be used with caution. This medication should only be used in pregnancy when there is a definite need.
  • No information suggests Sodium Cromoglicate has adverse effects on the baby when breastfeeding. However, consult your doctor first before using this medication if you are breastfeeding women.

Side Effects of Sodium Cromoglicate

Some possible side effects linked with this eye drop may include:

  • Burning or stinging which occurs right after application
  • Mild eye irritation

Other Options to Manage Hay Fever:

Seasonal hay fever can be managed with different medications that are available in pharmacies and supermarkets. Steroid nasal sprays and antihistamine tablets decrease various symptoms linked with hay fever. Some of the symptoms may include burning and itchy eyes. Some popular products used in the management of hay fever include:

  • Sedative antihistamines such as Promethazine or Chlorphenamine
  • Use of liquid antihistamines in children and toddlers
  • Antihistamine tablets such as Cetirizine and Loratadine or newly approved over-the-counter Fexofenadine. These are non-drowsy antihistamines. 
  • The use of antihistamine eye drops such as Otrivine-Antistin that has antihistamines such as Antazoline along with Xylometazoline Hydrochloride
  • Steroid nasal sprays including Budesonide, Beclomethasone, and Fluticasone.

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